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How to set up social connection with Microsoft Azure Active Directory


Adding social connection with Microsoft Azure to your app with Clerk only requires populating the Client ID, Client Secret and Authorized redirect URI in your instance settings.

To make the development flow as smooth as possible, Clerk uses preconfigured shared OAuth credentials and redirect URIs for development instances - no other configuration is needed.

For production instances, you will need to generate your own Client ID and Client Secret using your Microsoft Azure account.

Before you start


  • Currently Clerk supports only the common tenant type, which is intended for allowing sign-ins both from organization members and public Microsoft users.
  • Only credentials of type secret are currently supported (not the certificate type).

Selecting the desired tenant type (common, organizations, consumers or specific tenant ID) will become available in an upcoming version of Clerk.

Configuring Microsoft social connection

After creating a Microsoft Azure account, you will need to create a new App Registration.

To do so, navigate to the list of applications and click on New Registration.

Accessing the "New registration" page

In the new application form, make sure you fill in the following fields:

Filling required fields

After creating a new app, you will be presented with the app information page.

The Application (client) ID visible on this page should be pasted into the Client ID form field on the Clerk end.

To generate a value, click on the Client credentials link:

Generating a new credential

Microsoft Azure supports 2 kinds of credentials:

  1. Client secrets (as the majority of oauth providers)
  2. Certificates

At the time of writing, Clerk supports only Client secrets.

To create a new client secret, click on the New client secret button as illustrated below:

Certificates & secrets screen

You will be prompted to provide a name and lifetime for the new secret.

Adding a name and selecting expiration date

After confirming your choice, the new secret will be listed. This is the only time you will able to copy & paste it, so make sure you do so before navigating away. Also, take note of the lifetime of said secret because you will need to generate a new one before it expires.

The newly generated secret can now be pasted in the Client Secret input on the Clerk end.

Finally, you'll need to instruct your Microsoft Azure app to operate in OpenID mode so that it provides clerk with an id_token when the sign-in completes. This allows Clerk to populate data about the user from their Microsoft profile.

This can be done by navigating to the Authentication section and checking the option displayed below:

Turning on OpenID mode

Congratulations! Social connection with Microsoft Azure is now configured for your instance.

Stay tuned for updates as Clerk integrates support for more Microsoft social connection options.

Stay secure against the nOAuth vulnerability

A vulnerability called nOAuth(opens in a new tab) has been recently discovered in Microsoft's Azure AD OAuth applications. This vulnerability can lead to full account takeovers, as attackers can spoof the provided email and potentially gain full control of a victim's account.

To protect users, Clerk has implemented stringent measures against the Microsoft OAuth provider, enforcing stricter checks on verified email addresses. However, this has impacted the functionality of users using Azure AD.

Microsoft has introduced an optional claim, xms_edov, that can be added to your Azure application. This claim provides additional context to determine whether the returned email is verified.

To enable this optional claim, you'll need to follow these steps:

Navigate to your Azure application's Token configuration page, and click on Add optional claim.

Add optional claims

Select the email and xms_pdl claims for both ID and Access, and click on Add.

At the time of writing, the xms_edov claim is still in preview, and may not be available for all applications. So we'll choose another one from the list and we'll rename it later on in the manifest.

Select claims

Accept the permission changes. This will add email in your API permissions.

Accept permissions

Navigate to the Manifest page, and update the idToken and accessToken values names from xms_pdl to xms_edov.

Update manifest

Navigate back to the Token configuration page, and check the xms_edov claim for both ID and Access.

Check claims

Now you're all set! Microsoft will send the xms_edov claim in the token, and Clerk will use it to determine whether the email is verified or not, even if it is used with Azure AD.

Last updated on October 3, 2023

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